Italy is a unique country full of paradoxes. The nation is home to great minds and the mafia, artists and corrupt politicians, small businessmen and the unemployed. In short, a country of a thousand contradictions, however, is very resourceful.
The data on the Italian economy is weak when compared with those of other European countries, which have much more marked indices of economic growth. Currently, in Italy, the unemployment rate is 11.4% and the rate of GDP growth of just under 1%, according to ISTAT. For Italy itself, one must ask the question as to whether this is good or bad.
To understand this, one must compare the current situation on the peninsula, and its distinctions, with the post-war 1950s. Italy in 2016 is to be rebuilt, but under what terms?
The First Lever: A new education
The Italian education system, unfortunately, has a flaw; namely, a lack of interaction with the demands of the employment market and it does not appear to be especially dynamic and adaptive to the continuous changes that occur outside the school walls. It is a plaster system. The new school, starting from solid cultural basis should also integrate the needs of today (i.e., digital literacy, focus on soft skills, language skills and so forth). All this would help create a new generation of cutting edge individuals while maintaining the cultural and formative imprint.
The Second Lever: The role of digital in the state
The real value of digital companies is the data and information that they are able to derive from the millions of users who use these services. This is the gold of the new millennium. The state by definition is a set of citizens, and then also users. Citizens are human wealth, but also economic status. Well, this potential wealth to date has hardly been exploited, indeed wasted. The Italian state has 60 million citizen-users that today are seen as an expense, not as a resource. There are however ways in which the state is at a loss because of this perception.
The current game is at a loss, for all stakeholders: the citizen witnesses a decline in services, the state plans to eliminate waste, but it’s only postponing the problem without removing the root cause. Around this new vision of the state, the ideal is returning back to the centrality and the decision-making power (today it is often at the mercy of big corporations and the games market). This would create new professional figures, new needs and, therefore, activity.
The two levers above, among the many that should be taken into account, laying the foundation, for a real future for the Italian nation. A social reconstruction similar to that of the post-war era is essential. The missing link, however, is the awareness of citizens in every generation from older to younger people that nothing is lost, but rather new opportunities will be created, with new dynamics, new challenges and difficulties. The error that is being committed today, in Italy, it is typical of most of its people regret a better past, not realising that a future is possible, but it should be rebuilt with the contribution of all.
Hence, a multitude of new opportunities lie ahead, even for foreign investors, just as in the past. The role of the state is to promote a new vision of politics, focused on these new recruits. The role of every citizen is to get back into play. The role of private entities are to seek a harmonious public-private construction.